Sustainable Energy

A Study of Models of Life Quality Development of Isan Marginal Communities as Affected by Installation of the Solar Home System.

 

The electricity production system by using solar home cells is regarded as a substitute for energy which the state provides for the marginal communities because the area cannot be extended for putting up pylons with electric cables, all this for the marginal communities to have better life and being. The purposes of this thesis were to examine the history and development of the electricity production system by using solar home cells, and to examine models of life quality of Isan marginal communities as affected by the use of solar home system by using solar home cells. Approach: The sample consisted of 100 people in Isan marginal communities who lived in mountains, on highlands, on lowlands, and in national park areas with totally 4 areas. The instruments used for collecting data were an observation form, an interview form a group discourse note-taking form and workshop note-taking form. The 6 aspects of Minimum Needs (MN) was included into every instrument. The data analysis results were subsequently presented by means of a descriptive analysis: Results: 1for the history and development of the solar home system, it was found that Thailand began using solar cells in 1977 by the Unit of Volunteer Doctors. At present, solar cells are used in various types: battery charging stations, communication systems, water pumping system, traffic light signals, blinkers and electric systems in marginal communities in general.2) for the models of life quality development of Isan marginal communities as affected by the use of the solar home system, the life quality was developed according to indicators of maximum needs in these 6 aspects: the model of developing good health, the model of developing progressive incomes, the models of This value cultivation and the model of developing cooperative development. It was found that the positive effects were at 98.67% and negative effects were at only 1.33%. Conclusion/Recommendation: There for, it can be seen that the solar home system can generate more positive outcomes than negative ones in life quality development of Isan marginal communities. This is in accordance with all the 6 aspects of Maximum Needs (MN).

 

Pongsil Simvised, Songkoon Chantachon and Sampan Rittidech

The Faculty of Engineering Mahasarakham University (EN MSU) Weather Station

Anemometer 1
Anemometer and Ambient Thermometer
Sky Scanner

Solar cell (Power Source for weather stations)
Pyranometers

The EN MSU Weather Station was installed on the top of Engineering Building 1 (EN1) Geography Building. This Station has been recording the solar irradiance, solar luminance, wind speed and weather data since September 16, 2004. The site is located at latitude 16°14’N and longitude 103°15’E, this area is sometimes called the Isan region of Thailand.

The EN MSU weather stations have the following instruments:
Thermometer for measuring air and sea surface temperature
Barometer for measuring atmospheric pressure
Hygrometer for measuring humidity.
Anemometer for measuring wind speed and direction.
Rain gauge for measuring liquid precipitation over a set period of time.
Pyranometer for measuring solar irradiance
Sky scanner for measuring solar luminance


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Sustainable Energy

. An accuracy assessment of an empirical sine model, a novel sine model and an artificial neural network model for forecasting illuminance/irradiance on horizontal plane of all sky types at Mahasarakham, Thailand
. All sky modeling daylight availability and illuminance/irradiance on horizontal plane for Mahasarakham, Thailand
   


 


MSU

MSU Green University

MAHASARAKHAM UNIVERSITY Khamriang Sub-District, Kantarawichai District, Maha Sarakham 44150 Thailand Tel/Fax : +66 4375 4241

 

Phone:Tel/Fax : +66 4375 4241

Email:Email : iroffice@msu.ac.th