Pyrolysis of cassava rhizome in a counter-rotating twin screw reactor unit

 

Pyrolysis of cassava rhizome in a counter-rotating twin screw reactor unit
Abstract A counter-rotating twin screw reactor unit was investigated for its behaviour in the pyrolysis of cassava rhizome biomass. Several parameters such as pyrolysis temperature in the range of 500–700 °C, biomass particle size of <0.6 mm, the use of sand as heat transfer medium, nitrogen flow rate of 4–10 L/min and nitrogen pressure of 1–3 bar were thoroughly examined. It was found that the pyrolysis temperature of 550 °C could maximise the bio-oil yield (50 wt.%). The other optimum parameters for maximising the bio-oil yield were the biomass particle size of 0.250–0.425 mm, the nitrogen flow rate of 4 L/min and the nitrogen pressure of 2 bar. The use of the heat transfer medium could increase the bio-oil yield to a certain extent. Moreover, the water content of bio-oil produced with the counter-rotating twin screw reactor was relatively low, whereas the solids content was relatively high, compared to some other reactor configurations.

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